HAZARD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE GRANTS
FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant program provides pre- and post-disaster mitigation funding opportunities for state, local, tribal, and territorial governments. The HMA program provides funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protects life and property from future disaster damages through the following three sub-programs:
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program-Post Fire (HMGP-Post Fire)
- Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC)
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation-Legislative (PDM)
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
- Nebraska Department of Natural Resources facilitates FMA. Visit their website HERE.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program-Post Fire
Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities
Flood Mitigation Assistance
Eligibility & Applying for Funding
To be eligible for Hazard Mitigation Assistance funds, local and Indian Tribal government applicants must have participated and adopted an approved Local or Tribal Hazard Mitigation Plan. Additionally, grant applicants must be able to provide the local cost share of the proposed mitigation project.
Individuals and businesses are not eligible to apply for HMA funds; however, an eligible sub applicant may apply for funding on their behalf.
NOIs are reviewed and prioritized for available grant funding based on eligibility and feasibility. If a NOI is not selected for funding, the application will be kept on file and reviewed during the next grant opportunity.
HAZARD MITIGATION GRANT PROGRAM (HMGP)
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) is authorized by Section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. This program follows the Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance and Addendum (2015), as well as 2 CFR and 44 CFR. HMGP is available after a presidentially declared disaster. This funding opportunity assists communities in implementing long-term mitigation strategies to reduce future disaster losses to life and property. In this program, homeowners and businesses cannot apply for a grant. However, a local community may apply for funding on their behalf.
All state, local, tribal, and territorial governments must participate and adopt their local hazard mitigation plan to be eligible for HMGP funding. Private non-profits are eligible for HMGP and are exempt from the hazard mitigation plan requirement, as per 44 CFR Sections 206.221(e) and 206.434(a)(2). Grant subapplicants must be able to provide the local cost share of the proposed mitigation project.
NEMA HMGP Application Webinar
On April 10, 2020, NEMA hosted an applicant webinar to review the NEMA application form and FEMA application requirements for the Hazard Mitigation Grants Program (HMGP). This webinar walked applicants through each application component, including scopes of work, project cost estimates, cost-share requirements, benefit-cost analysis, and incorporating environmental and historic preservation (EHP) impacts. The presenters for the webinar were Lexy Hindt, the Deputy State Hazard Mitigation Officer, and Vanessa Castillo of Hagerty Consulting.
Duplication of Benefits Training
When determining the amount of federal disaster assistance an applicant may be eligible for, FEMA must check for and avoid any “Duplication of Benefits.” By law, FEMA cannot provide financial assistance when any other source – such as Insurance - has already provided such assistance or when such assistance is available from any other source. For more information about Duplication of Benefits, please visit the FEMA webpage.
In November 2021 the Hazard Mitigation Unit hosted a webinar covering Duplication of Benefits (DOB) for HMGP. The training covers what DOB is and when a review must be conducted, as well as what type of assistance is accounted for during reviews. This webinar aims to assist subrecipients understand the DOB process and why it is important.
BUILDING RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE AND COMMUNITIES GRANT
The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) is the result of the Disaster Recovery Reform Action of 2018. This grant program supports states, local communities, tribes, and territories with hazard mitigation projects to reduce the risks they face from natural hazards. It is an annual grant that FEMA funds by setting aside money from federal disaster declarations each year. Therefore, the amount available each year will vary. For States to be eligible for BRIC, they must have had at least one federally declared disaster in the last seven years.
The BRIC program recognizes the growing hazards associated with climate change, and the need for natural hazard risk mitigation activities that promote climate adaptation and resilience with respect to those hazards. The guiding principles of BRIC are:
- Capability - and capacity-building
- Encouraging and enabling innovation
- Promoting partnerships
- Enabling large projects
- Maintaining flexibility
- Providing consistency.
Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant
The Nebraska Department of Natural Resources facilitates the Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant (FMA). The FMA grant goal is to reduce or eliminate repetitive flood damage to properties insured under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). For more information about FMA and how to apply, please visit the NeDNR Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Website.
BRIC and FMA 2022 Funding Notice Briefing
In September, the NEMA HM unit hosted three webinars that provided additional information on the BRIC FY22 NOFO and application instructions.
NOI Due Date: September 23, 2022
Application Due Date: January 27, 2023
HAZARD MITIGATION GRANT PROGRAM-POST FIRE
The Disaster Recovery Reform Act (DRRA), Public Law 115-254, was enacted on October 5, 2018, and made numerous legislative changes to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act). Section 1204 of the DRRA amended Section 404 of the Stafford Act to allow FEMA to provide Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) grants in any area that received a Fire Management Assistance Grant (FMAG) declaration even if no major Presidential declaration was declared.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Post Fire (HMGP-Post Fire) assistance aids communities in implementing long-term mitigation measures after a wildfire. States, federally-recognized tribes and territories that are impacted by a wildfire resulting in an Fire Management Assistance Grant (FMAG) are eligible to apply for HMGP-Post Fire funds. This program follows the HMA Guidance and Addendum, 2 CFR, and 44 CFR.
On April 21, 2021, the Road 702 Fire began near Norton, KS, and moved rapidly northward through Furnas, Frontier, and Red Willow counties. This fire would eventually burn 45,000 acres. As the fire quickly spread and necessitated evacuations in several communities, the decision was made to request a Fire Management Assistance Grant (FMAG). The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Post Fire was awarded following the FMAG to help communities implement hazard mitigation measures after the wildfire.
Currently, the application period for the HMGP-Post Fire assistance is open. Jurisdictions applying for this grant will be prioritized based on:
- Activities that benefit the declared counties or tribal lands, with wildfire hazard mitigation projects such as defensible space measures, ignition resistant construction, hazardous fuels reduction, erosion control measures, slope failure prevention measures, or flash flood reduction measures.
- Activities unrelated to wildfire hazard mitigation, such as generally allowable HMGP projects within the declared counties or tribal lands.
- Activities related to wildfire hazard mitigation, such as generally allowable HMGP projects, outside of the declared counties or burned tribal lands.
- Activities unrelated to wildfire hazard mitigation, such as generally allowable HMGP projects outside of the declared counties or burned tribal lands.